April 5, 2001
By Henry Cuningham
Military editor, Fayetteville
Army acknowledged the accomplishments of the most secret
commando unit of the Vietnam War on Wednesday.
photo by Cindy Burnham
Maj. John L. Plaster holds a coin minted for the SOG
The Presidential Unit Citation went to the group 29 years
after it went out of business and three years after CNN
broadcast a bogus report saying it used nerve gas on defectors.
The network later retracted its story.
The unit was called the Military Assistance Command-Vietnam
Studies and Observation Group, or SOG.
After the ceremony, some of the veterans sarcastically
thanked CNN for broadcasting the nerve gas report in 1998.
‘‘I think that (the award) is long overdue, and I think
that we have to give some thanks to CNN because the fiasco that
they produced caused an investigation by the Department of
Defense and others that found that we were not only not war
criminals but, in fact, we had a collection of heroes that was
not equaled,’’ John K. Singlaub said after the ceremony.
Singlaub, who is 79 years old and a retired major general,
lives in Arlington, Va. He was chief of SOG from 1966 to 1968.
The Presidential Unit Citation is given to units that display
gallantry that set them apart from other units. The unit award
is equal to the individual award of the Distinguished Service
Cross, the U.S. military’s second-highest award for valor.
Hundreds of people attended the award ceremony in the plaza
on Ardennes Street on Fort Bragg. A statue of SOG veteran Col.
Bull Simons stands in the plaza.
Retired Maj. John L. Plaster was the first person to receive
a special commemorative coin minted for the occasion. He wrote a
book about SOG and worked for recognition of the unit.
‘‘It’s a day that I think most of us thought would
never happen,’’ Plaster said after the ceremony.
‘‘Everything we were doing in the old days was denied. We
accepted that. That’s part of the cost of doing classified,
black operations. Even our existence was denied. There were a
great many young men that came home that could never quite tell
their families, their friends what they did.’’
Plaster is from Iron River, Wis. He is 52.
SOG members operated deep behind enemy lines in Vietnam,
Cambodia and Laos. They conducted operations on the Ho Chi Minh
Trail, the North Vietnamese supply line through the countries
that border South Vietnam.
The host for the ceremony was Lt. Gen. Doug Brown, commander
of U.S. Army Special Operations Command at Fort Bragg.
photo by Cindy Burnham
Gen. Doug Brown, commanding general, U.S. Army Special
Operation Command, stands with South Vietnamese veterans
after Wednesday's ceremony.
SOG members had ‘‘the guile and the audacity to take the
war where the enemy lives, to get at his sanctuary, to make him
react, to take away his safe and secure environment, give him
those chills as he is walking down that long jungle trail at
night, not knowing if around the corner members of SOG are
waiting,’’ Brown said. ‘‘It doesn’t take many. It
doesn’t take often, but it takes men of steel, willing to take
risks, willing to make the trip.’’
The missions included sabotage, calling in B-52 bomber
strikes, search and rescue of downed pilots in the jungle and
destruction and recovery of sensitive equipment.
The operations tied down thousands of members of the North
Vietnamese Army searching for SOG, Brown said.
At its peak, SOG had about 2,000 members. An estimated 7,800
men served in SOG over its eight-year existence. Some SOG
veterans, such as Dick Meadows, Eldon Bargewell and Walt
Shumate, became founders and leaders of Delta Force, the
Army’s counterterrorism and hostage- rescue unit founded in
SOG members received more than 2,000 individual awards for
heroism, including 10 Medals of Honor, twice as many as the 82nd
Airborne Division received in both world wars.
Medal of Honor recipients were Robert L. Howard, James P.
Fleming, Roy P. Benavidez, Jon R. Cavaiani, Franklin Miller,
Fred Zabitosky, Thomas R. Norris, Loren D. Hagen, John J.
Kedenburg and George K. Sisler.
The unit’s members also received 23 Distinguished Service
Crosses, the military’s second highest award for valor.
SOG had high casualty rates. In 1968, the unit had more
people killed and injured than it had positions.
Ten teams were lost. Fourteen teams were overrun or
destroyed. Fifty members of SOG are still considered MIAs.
The highest-ranking SOG veteran on active duty is Lt. Gen.
William P. Tangney, deputy commander in chief of U.S. Special
Operations Command at Tampa, Fla.
Tangney hailed the members of the Army, Navy and Marines who
flew the airplanes and helicopters on the infiltration missions
and the fighter airplanes that helped rescue teams.
Retired Maj. John W. Grove, 59, of Fort Walton Beach, Fla.,
represented Air Force participants.
‘‘Most of our missions were classified for so long that
nobody got much recognition,’’ Grove said.
Among veterans at the ceremony were 10 South Vietnamese
commandos who were sent on missions to North Vietnam, where they
spent 20 years in prison. The Vietnamese, who wore green berets
to the ceremony, live in Georgia.
‘‘We are the men who fought the communists,’’ said
Son Van Ha, 53.
Active-duty soldiers who received awards during the ceremony
were Tangney, Bargewell, Cols. Thomas A. Deluca, Warner Farr,
Fredrick D. Jones, Steven J. Yevich, Richard O. Sutton and Dale
Brown, Lt. Cols. David Bortnem and Jack L. Kaplan Jr., Chief
Warrant Officers 5 Edward G. Klein and Frank Kormorowski and
Sgt. John Bartlett.
Soldiers still on active duty but unable to attend were Maj.
Gen. Kenneth R. Bowra, Air Force Col. Alva Greenup, Cols.
Richard M. Johnson and Doug McCready and Chief Warrant Officers
Bob Coder, Gary Ryan, James A. Bates and Hurley J. Gilpin.
photo by Cindy Burnham
members of the Military Assistance Command-Vietnam Studies and
Observation Group stand at attention Wednesday. From left to
right, Lt. Gen. William P. Tangney, Brig. Gen. Eldon A.
Bargewell, Col. Thomas A. Deluca, Col. Warner Farr, Col.
Fredrick D. Jones, Col. Steven J. Yevich, Col. Richard O.
Sutton, Col. Dale Brown and Lt. Col. David Bortnem.
Military editor Henry Cuningham